Working Papers Archive

Disruptive Technologies and their Implications for Economic Policy: Some Preliminary Observations
Disruptive Technologies and their Implications for Economic Policy: Some Preliminary Observations
Read new paper on disruptive technologies and what impact they might have on economic growth.
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Towards Resilient and Low-Carbon Cities: New Challenges and Opportunities
Towards Resilient and Low-Carbon Cities: New Challenges and Opportunities
Variations among cities of the developing world in terms of per-capita income, exposure to climate vulnerabilities, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions levels are very significant and have to be taken into account in order to support their active engagement in global climate action.
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Education, Skills, and Economic Growth in Central America
Education, Skills, and Economic Growth in Central America
Evidence demonstrates that education contributes to economic development, lowers poverty and inequity, and improves lives.
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Africa’s Urbanization: Challenges and Opportunities
Africa’s Urbanization: Challenges and Opportunities
Africa is urbanizing fast. Its rate of urbanization soared from 15 percent in 1960 to 40 percent in 2010, and is projected to reach 60 percent in 2050 (UN Habitat 2010). Urban populations in Africa are expected to triple in the next 50 years, changing the profile of the region, and challenging policy makers to harness urbanization for sustainable and inclusive growth.
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Will Cities Continue Driving Economic Growth?
Will Cities Continue Driving Economic Growth?
Archaeological evidence suggests that cities as recognizable entities arose in the Fertile Crescent between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers around 3,200 BCE—some 10,000 years after the domestication of rye (and other grains later), and 5,000 years after the emergence of village communities that prioritized intensive agriculture over hunting and gathering.
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